Other articles

  1. ulogd2: the new userspace logging daemon for netfilter/iptables (part 2)

    This article explains how to build, install and configure ulogd 2 for use with netfilter/iptables. It explains how to use plugins to store logs in databases (MySQL and PostgreSQL), use plugins to filter data, and gives some iptables rules to log packets.

    Get the sources

    You can use the official repository:

    git clone git://git.netfilter.org/ulogd2.git/



    Use the standard autotools method for configure, build and install:

    ./configure --prefix=/path/to/prefix
    sudo make install


    Edit ulogd.conf

    1. enable plugins

    You will have to choose the input and output plugins according to your setup. NFLOG is present in recent kernels (and iptables installation), and should be preferred if possible.

    • Input plugin: ULOG or NFLOG
    • Output: MySQL or PostgreSQL

    You have to enable the corresponding in the configuration before you can use them:


    See “Stack configuration” later.

    2. buid the stack

    For MySQL, we will use a very simple plugin stack. As MySQL is quite inefficient in storing IP addresses (and …

    read more
  2. ulogd2: the new userspace logging daemon for netfilter/iptables (part 1)

    Ulogd (and also ulogd2) is a powerful and flexible logging system for Netfilter/Iptables, based on a plugin system. It allows, for example, to log packets in a SQL database, and have some interface to analyze it (see Nulog2)



    Ulogd2 combines plugins to create a stack, where each plugin is chained to another. There are three types of plugins:

    • Source
    • Filter
    • Output

    A stack must have only one source, and one output (yet it can have several filters). It is possible to define several stacks in the configuration.

    Each plugin has a type (for ex, PGSQL), and must be instanciated (using a name chosen by the user). Each instance is a particular version of the plugin, defining parameters. This way, we will be able to output data in several formats using different stacks.

    For ex, the following stack :


    defines a stack with the following properties:

    • input plugin is NFLOG, this means we’ll use the -j NFLOG target of iptables as source
    • filters are BASE, IFINDEX, and PRINTPKT (we’ll cover what they do later)
    • output plugin is of type PGSQL, so data will be logged to a …
    read more
  3. PostgreSQL 8.3

    PostgreSQL 8.3 has been released today. Along with the usual amount of improvements there are some new features in 8.3 that should be of interest to PostgreSQL admins and developers such as:

    • Integrated TSearch
    • ENUM and UUID data types
    • Faster sorting technique used for LIMIT operations
    • Faster LIKE and ILIKE operations
    • Lazy XID assignment which will make many read only operations much faster
    • Asynchronous commits

    Check out the full list of features at the PostgreSQL site or download it from the download section of their site. As usuel, you can also find many things in the very nice documentation, one of the best I’ve ever seen.

    read more

Page 1 / 1